No data is available for this indicator yet. © 2021 United Nations Development Programme, By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution, By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans, Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels, By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics, By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information, By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation, By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism, Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries, Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets, Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want. On Earth Day, harnessing the power of nature to heal herself. , Climate action (SDG 13) is used as a way of protecting the world's oceans. A., Kenny, T.-A., McOwen, C. J., Asch, R., Geffert, J. L., Wabnitz, C. C. C., Sumaila, R., Hanich, Q., & Ota, Y. (2018). Goal 14 Targets.  Oceans cover more than two-thirds of the earth’s surface and contain 97% of the planet’s water. How nations are protecting people from interconnected global crises. The increase in levels of greenhouse gases leading to changes in climate negatively affects the world's oceans and marine coastal communities. Sustainable Development Goal 14 (Goal 14 or SDG 14) is about "Life below water" and is one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015. Marine Policy, 93, 223–231. 14 , The full title of Target 14.3 is: "Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels". BioScience, 68(5), 359–370. It's crucial for people to understand the importance of find balance in economic benefits and ecological sustainability. Goal 14: Life Below Water. How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counterbalance the effects of climate change. Oceans alleviate the impact of climate change and absorb around 23% of the annual emissions of various forms of carbons, the most concerning being carbon dioxide. 14 The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems … Progress towards each target is being measured with one indicator each. These include poverty, hunger, health, education, climate change, gender equality, Water supply, sanitation, energy, urbanization, environment and social justice. 14  Several countries, including Kenya and Tanzania, have banned the use of plastic bags for retail purchases. , The "Floating Plastic Debris Density" refers to the modelled macro and micro plastics distribution in the ocean. The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. . This target has one indicator: Indicator 14.4.1 is "the proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels".  Oceans are the source of life of the planet and the global climate system regulator. Kairo, J. Arístegui, V.A. #Envision2030 Goal 14: Life Below Water Imagine the world in 2030, fully inclusive of persons with disabilities Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use … This target has one indicator: Indicator 14.a.1. Changing direction on Myanmar's second largest lake, under threat from climate change and unsustainable farming. 14 Life Below Water Sustainable Development Goal 14 Life Below Water Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. Increasing sustainability of coastal management by merging monitored marine environments with inventoried shelf resources. The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. This target has one indicator: Indicator 14.2.1 is "the proportion of national exclusive economic zones managed using ecosystem-based approaches".  One of the key drivers of global overfishing is illegal fishing. 14 Finkl, C. W., & Makowski, C. (2010). is the "progress by countries in the degree of application of a legal/regulatory/policy/institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small-scale fisheries". Goal 14 Targets.  According to the FAO, Fisheries sustain millions of jobs and often pass down traditions and knowledge from generation to generation. Assigning Large-Scale Marine Protected Areas (LSMPAs) (at least 100,000 square km in area) aims to reduce the consequences of resource exploitation (e.g. Sustainable fisheries means leaving enough fish in the ocean while also respecting habitats and ensuring people who depend on fishing can maintain their livelihoods. 14. , The full title of Target 14.2 is: "By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans".. Marine pollution, an overwhelming majority of which comes from land-based sources, is reaching alarming levels, with an average of 13,000 pieces of plastic litter to be found on every square kilometre of ocean. Get in touch, share your ideas, and discover how we can work together for a sustainable, just, and equitable future. Voss, R., Quaas, M. F., Schmidt, J. O., Stoeven, M. T., Francis, T. B., Levin, P. S., Armitage, D. R., Cleary, J. S., Jones, R. R., Lee, L. C., Okamoto, D. K., Silver, J. J., Thornton, T. F., Dressel, S. C., MacCall, A. D., & Punt, A. E. (2018). Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform", Understanding and measuring the contribution of aquaculture and fisheries to gross domestic product (GDP), "14.7.1 Value added of sustainable fisheries| Sustainable Development Goals| Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations", "The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2020", "FAO Fisheries & Aquaculture - Small-scale fisheries", "Planning for the Implementation of SDG-14", https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2018.11.030, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2019.103699, "Climate Action is Needed to Protect World's Oceans | UNFCCC", Changing Ocean, Marine Ecosystems, and Dependent Communities, Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.05.030, "Ocean Climate Action Making Waves | UNFCCC", "Land and Sustainable Development Goals | UNCCD", https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2018.07.012, "Kenya plastic bag ban comes into force after years of delays", "You will no longer carry plastic bags in Tanzania with effect", https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/14_Why-It-Matters-2020.pdf, One Planet One Ocean course by SDG Academy, (9) Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure, (12) Responsible Consumption and Production, (16) Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions, List of Sustainable Development Goal targets and indicators, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sustainable_Development_Goal_14&oldid=998102904, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with incomplete citations from February 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 20:52.
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