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sustainable development goal 14: life below water

[24] Conserving coastal and marine areas has many benefits including maintaining the biodiversity and endangered species, providing areas where fish are able to reproduce, swan and grow to their adult size, maintaining local cultures, economies and livelihoods that are linked to the marine environment. Usually LSMPAs involve multiple countries making up disparate adjoined geographic areas. 14. Life Below Water Sustainable Development Goal 14 Life Below Water Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. The deterioration of coastal waters has become a global occurrence, due to pollution and coastal eutrophication (overflow of nutrients in water), where similar contributing factors to climate change can affect oceans and negatively impact marine biodiversity. However, there are related concerns surrounding LSMPAs that need attention in order to help ensure that the targets for SDG 14 can be met. How nations are protecting people from interconnected global crises. [19] When carbon dioxide dissolves into seawater, it forms the carbonic acid (H2CO3). But if these subsidies result in overfishing, undermining the ecological resilience of the resource, there will be no long-term benefits to the communities. Goal 14 Targets. [45] Several countries, including Kenya and Tanzania, have banned the use of plastic bags for retail purchases. [2] Oceans cover more than two-thirds of the earth’s surface and contain 97% of the planet’s water. In Norway, for instance, citizens, working through a web page called finn.no, can earn money for picking up plastic on the beach. Goal 14 Targets. The official wording is to "Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development". 14. Kairo, J. Arístegui, V.A. Tonle Sap in Cambodia is a key habitat for freshwater fish and many endangered species. The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. [37], Sustainable Development Goal 14 has been incorporated into the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD),[38] the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC),[39] and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). The full title of Target 14.b is: "Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets".[1]. The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Changing direction on Myanmar's second largest lake, under threat from climate change and unsustainable farming. Assigning Large-Scale Marine Protected Areas (LSMPAs) (at least 100,000 square km in area) aims to reduce the consequences of resource exploitation (e.g. https://www.unoosa.org/oosa/en/ourwork/space4sdgs/sdg14.html Bindoff, N.L., W.W.L. Goal 14: Life Below Water. is the "progress by countries in the degree of application of a legal/regulatory/policy/institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small-scale fisheries". Nations can also take action. How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counterbalance the effects of climate change. This target has one indicator: Indicator 14.c.1. The targets also call for an increase in scientific knowledge of the oceans. Goal 14. United Nations (2017) Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 6 July 2017, United Nations Economic and Social Council (2020). Oceans also absorb about 30 percent of the carbon dioxide produced by humans, and we are seeing a 26 percent rise in ocean acidification since the beginning of the industrial revolution. [4] Because of the absorbed carbons, seawater becomes more acidic and its pH levels drops significantly. The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Some countries might use LSMPAs as diplomatic leverage to pursue other advantages. Human activities have led to increased levels of atmospheric CO2. The increasingly adverse impacts of climate change (including ocean acidification), overfishing and marine pollution are jeopardizing recent gains … Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform", Understanding and measuring the contribution of aquaculture and fisheries to gross domestic product (GDP), "14.7.1 Value added of sustainable fisheries| Sustainable Development Goals| Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations", "The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2020", "FAO Fisheries & Aquaculture - Small-scale fisheries", "Planning for the Implementation of SDG-14", https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2018.11.030, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2019.103699, "Climate Action is Needed to Protect World's Oceans | UNFCCC", Changing Ocean, Marine Ecosystems, and Dependent Communities, Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.05.030, "Ocean Climate Action Making Waves | UNFCCC", "Land and Sustainable Development Goals | UNCCD", https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2018.07.012, "Kenya plastic bag ban comes into force after years of delays", "You will no longer carry plastic bags in Tanzania with effect", https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/14_Why-It-Matters-2020.pdf, One Planet One Ocean course by SDG Academy, (9) Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure, (12) Responsible Consumption and Production, (16) Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions, List of Sustainable Development Goal targets and indicators, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sustainable_Development_Goal_14&oldid=998102904, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with incomplete citations from February 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 20:52. The basis for this is that over 93 percent of the global fisheries stocks are already fully exploited. The ocean covers three quarters of the Earth’s surface and represents 99 percent of the living space on the planet by volume. The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Cai, J.N., Huang, H. & Leung, P.S. [25], The full title of Target 14.6 is: "By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation". Voss, R., Quaas, M. F., Schmidt, J. O., Stoeven, M. T., Francis, T. B., Levin, P. S., Armitage, D. R., Cleary, J. S., Jones, R. R., Lee, L. C., Okamoto, D. K., Silver, J. J., Thornton, T. F., Dressel, S. C., MacCall, A. D., & Punt, A. E. (2018). How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counterbalance the effects of climate change. Rare sea turtles flourish as a community bands together. The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. As climate, biodiversity and land degradation are major parts of the issues surrounding the deterioration of marine environments and oceans, it is important to know how each Rio Convention implements this SDG. [26] One of the key drivers of global overfishing is illegal fishing. Karim, L. Levin, S. O’Donoghue, S.R. Introduction. Cisneros-Montemayor, A. M., & Sumaila, U. R. (2019). [26], The WWF estimates that the global losses of illegal fishing cost up to $36.4 billion each year. 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