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eleazar ben simeon

It has the following bibliography: Shabbat 33b; Genesis Rabbah 79:6, and parallel passages; compare Yerushalmi Shevuot 9 38d, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eleazar_ben_Simeon&oldid=994790892, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia without a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 195 et seq. [5], Though wanted in his youth by the Roman government, later on Eleazar worked on behalf of the Roman government as a security and public order commissioner. He is quoted frequently in the beraitot, as well as approximately 75 times in the Tosefta, especially those of Zevaḥim and Menaḥot. ; son and pupil of *Simeon b. Yoḥai (Suk. Eleazar was a member of a distinguished priestly family of Jerusalem and a friend of zechariah b. avkilus . He was of the second generation and a junior contemporary of Gamaliel II, Eliezer b. As the latter would not forgive him, Simeon followed him until they came to Simeon's city, when the inhabitants came out to meet him, greeting him respectfully as rabbi. Simeon did not return the greeting, and even mocked the man on account of his ugliness. Gen. R. 9:5). 51b, et al.). 5; Eccl. Eleazar was commander of the besieged fortress from 66 until its fall in 73. Simeon ben Eleazar (or Simeon b. Eleazar; Hebrew: שמעון בן אלעזר‎, read as Shimon ben Eleazar) was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation. [3], It is told that once, when returning in a very joyful mood from the academy to his native city, he met an exceedingly ugly man who greeted him. Simeon formulated a rule for interpreting Biblical passages in which dots are placed over certain letters or entire words, in conformity with a tradition which was even then sanctioned: If the letters without dots exceed in number those with dots the exposition must be based on the letters without dots; but if the reverse be true, the letters with dots must be interpreted. "Eleazar ben Simon". Simeon went the same day to the school and preached a sermon, exhorting all the people to be pliable like a reed and not unbending like a cedar.[4]. Simeon ben Eleazar was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation. Eleazar beRabbi[son of Rabbi] Shimon, or רבי אלעזר בן שמעון , lit.Rabbi Eleazar ben [son of] Shimon) was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation, contemporary of R. Judah haNasi. Simeon (or Eleazar ben Simeon or R. Eleazar son of R. Simeon; Hebrew: אלעזר ברבי שמעון ‎, lit. For the Zealot leader during the First Jewish-Roman War with a similar name, see Eleazar ben Simon. 45b). 1991-09-09: new. [10], Eleazar and his wife seem to have reunited by the time of his death. ELEAZAR BEN JAIR (first cent. Gen. R. 9:5). A contemporary of Judah ha-Nasi, he lived in Tiberias. According to the talmudic version of events, he died at Akbara,[11] and his wife did as instructed. He is… Simeon ben Eleazar (or Simeon b. Eleazar; Hebrew: שמעון בן אלעזר ‎, read as Shimon ben Eleazar) was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation. According to a secord version found in a midrash, he died in Gush Halav. Eleazar b. Simeon (or Eleazar ben Simeon or R. Eleazar son of R. Simeon; Hebrew: אלעזר ברבי שמעון‎, lit. According to these stories, Eleazar spent his youth with his father in a cave, studying Torah while hiding from the Roman persecutors who sought his father's life. [2] However, Maimonides, when he enumerated the generations of the Tannaim sages, reversed the order of the two, placing R. Simeon ben Eleazar as a contemporary of R. Akiva, whereas placing R. Meir in the following generation. ; This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 15:25. [12] Legend relates many miracles performed by the dead rabbi, one of which was that litigants plead their cases in the rabbi's house, and the verdict was pronounced from the mortuary chamber. He is mentioned by name very rarely in the Mishnah, though amoraim ascribe several anonymous mishnayot to him (Bek. (1901–1906). He was the son of Jose the Galilean, and is regarded as a Tanna of the fourth generation. He was a pupil of Rabbi Akiba (Ber. [Non-Latin script references not evaluated.] Simeon was one of the pupils of *Meir and reported many halakhot in his name. evil men] from the vineyard." [4], There are various legendary stories concerning Eleazar's unusual physical size. Jastrow, in Monatsschrift, 1882, pp. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. He is most likely the son of R. Eleazar ben Shammua. 2nd cent.) ELEAZAR BEN SIMEONELEAZAR BEN SIMEON , tanna of the end of the second century c.e. Eleazar ben Shammua (c.150 CE) was a student of Akiva and the teacher of Judah ha-Nasi. Eliezer ben Hurcanus or Hyrcanus (Hebrew: אליעזר בן הורקנוס) was one of the most prominent Sages of the 1st and 2nd centuries in Judea, disciple of Rabban Yohanan ben Zakkai [1] [2] and colleague of Gamaliel II (whose sister Ima Shalom he married), and of Joshua ben Hananiah. Biography. His mentor answered that the weeding ought to be left to the proprietor of the vineyard—that is, that God Himself would visit punishment on the idlers and evildoers. The inhabitants of Akbara (variant: Gush Halav), believing that the sage's remains miraculously protected them against incursions of wild beasts, refused permission to remove the body. Eleazar ben Simeon, active 2nd century אלעזר בן שמעון בן יוחאי, תנא El'azar ben Šim'on tanaitský rabín VIAF ID: 66326635 (Personal) Many aggadic teachings by Simeon have been preserved, including the following: Some fine parables by Simeon have also been preserved. 1:2; cf. Eleazar ben Simon (He­brew: אלעזר בן שמעון ‎) was a Zealot leader dur­ing the First Jew­ish-Ro­man War who fought against the armies of Ces­tius Gal­lus, Ves­pasian, and Titus Flav­ius. Yet animals were created for the purpose of serving man, while man was created to serve his Creator. Eleazar, however, continued in office, justifying himself by saying, "I only weed out thistles [i.e. Ultimately, however, in compliance with the request of the rabbis, people from the nearby town of Birya carried it off by stealth, and it was deposited at Meron beside that of his father. Palestinian tanna. Gamaliel the Elder (/ ɡ ə ˈ m eɪ l i əl,-ˈ m ɑː-, ˌ ɡ æ m ə ˈ l iː əl /; also spelled Gamliel; Hebrew: רבן גמליאל הזקן ‎ Rabbān Gamlīyʾēl haZāqēn; Koinē Greek: Γαμαλιὴλ ὁ Πρεσβύτερος Gamaliēl ho Presbýteros), or Rabban Gamaliel I, was a leading authority in the Sanhedrin in the early first century AD. Eleazar, grown too zealous during his protracted hermitage, often cursed those who devoted their time to things secular, and his father found it necessary to interfere, appeasing them and mollifying him (Shab. He was the son of R. Shimon bar Yochai, and appears in many of the stories concerning his father. After Simon's death Eleazar entered the academy of the Patriarch Simon b. [6][7][8] This made him very unpopular, and one of the rabbis remonstrated with him, saying, "Vinegar product of wine [= "Degenerate son of a distinguished father"], how long will you continue to deliver the people of God to the hangman?" His wife even divorced him because the financial cost of caring for his ailments was draining her family wealth, though after this Eleazar was able to support himself due to the timely arrival of sixty sailors bearing gifts for him. [2], After Shimon's death Eleazar entered the academy of the Patriarch Simeon ben Gamaliel II, and became the colleague of the patriarch's son, Judah HaNasi; but there was rivalry between the two. Change Notes. Eleazar ben Azariah (Hebrew: אלעזר בן עזריה ‎) was a 1st-century CE Jewish tanna, i.e. This page was last edited on 8 March 2020, at 20:31. He was probably the son of *Eleazar of Bartota. 1:2; cf. [14], This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. flatters you); since he that reproves you brings you into life of the world to come, but he that speaks kindly of you takes you out of this world. CE) was thought to be the author of much of the Zohar. Eleazar ben Kalir, also known as Eleazar HaKalir, Eleazar ben Killir or Eleazar Kalir (c. 570 – c. 640) was a Byzantine Jew and a Hebrew poet whose classical liturgical verses, known as piyut, have continued to be sung through the centuries during significant religious services, including those on Tisha B'Av and on the sabbath after a wedding. c.e. Eliezer ben Yose HaGelili) was a Jewish rabbi who lived in Judea in the 2nd century. ...Love him that reproves you, but hate him that speaks kindly of you (i.e. Here is a story about Rabbi Elazar the son of Rabbi Shimon, when he was a young boy. A number of merchants came one day to Sidon, where Rabbi Shimon dwelt. 51b, et al.). Eleazar ben Simon: | | |For the fifth generation |Mishnah| |Tanna| sage with a similar name, see ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. When, however, the man said to him, "Go and tell the Master, who created me, how ugly His handiwork is," Simeon, perceiving that he had sinned, fell on his knees and begged the man's pardon. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. [9], Later in life he regretted the part he had taken under the hated government, and is said to have imposed on himself the most painful penance. 45b). ; son and pupil of Simeon b. Yoḥai (Suk. He also served his teacher (Shab. Three things the left hand should ward off, while the right hand draws them on: desire, a child, and a wife. Rabbi Eleazar ben [son of] Shimon) was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation, contemporary of R. Judah haNasi. He is cited in the Mishnah only a few times, but on the Tosefta and baraitas' portions that are quoted in the Talmud his name is mentioned many times. Eleazar b. Simeon (or Eleazar ben Simeon or R. Eleazar son of R. Simeon; Hebrew: אלעזר ברבי שמעון ‎, lit. In many of the classical texts of the baraita, in matters in dispute, he has stated a different version to these disputes cited in the Mishnah. As Eleazar lay dying, worrying that resentment over his government work would lead the rabbis to deny him a proper burial, he enjoined his wife to preserve his remains under her roof rather than burying him immediately. Simeon ben Eleazar (fl. SIMEON BEN ELEAZAR (second century), tanna; a contemporary of judah ha-nasi . He played an important role in the war against cestius gallus ,… [2] [3] [4] He is the sixth most frequently mentioned sage in the Mishnah. l.c.). In halakhah, Simeon appears most frequently as the opponent of R. Judah ha-Nasi. ELEAZAR BEN JAIR. Mishnaic sage. ), chief of the Sicarii who captured the fortress of *Masada at the beginning of the Roman war (Jos., Wars, 2:447; 7:275ff.). [1] After the death of Hadrian, when events took a somewhat more favorable turn for the Jews, father and son left the cave and returned to the busy world. Judaica, c1971 (Eleazar ben Simeon; tanna of the end of the 2nd cent. For building done by young people may be equivalent to destruction, while the destruction done by old people is equivalent to building. R. Yom Tov Asevilli claims that there were two different Tanna sages with the same name of Simeon ben Eleazar, one in the previous generation to R. Meir, and the other in the following generation to R. Meir, and in that he had resolved the maze of Maimonides' statement. Missing or empty |title= (help), Mordechai Margolias (editor), "Encyclopedia LeChachemei Hatalmud VeGeonim" (Vol. "[14] and answered, "It is Eleazar ben Simon, who united in himself all noble qualities, he having been well versed in Scripture and in traditional law, and having been a [liturgical] poet, a leader in prayers, and a preacher".[15]. Man, however, has deteriorated in his works, and therefore in his nature, and has been deprived of his nourishment. R. xi. Eleazar, grown too zealous during his long seclusion, often cursed those who devoted their time to things secular, and his father found it necessary to interfere, appeasing them and mollifying him. Eleazar beRabbi[son of Rabbi] Shimon, or רבי אלעזר בן שמעון , lit.Rabbi Eleazar ben [son of] Shimon) was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation, contemporary of R. Judah haNasi.. Eleazar beRabbi[son of Rabbi] Shimon, or רבי אלעזר בן שמעון , lit. Rabbi Eleazar ben [son of] Shimon) was a Jewish Tanna sage of the fifth generation, contemporary of R. Judah haNasi. He is mentioned by name very rarely in the Mishnah, though amoraim ascribe several anonymous mishnayot to him (Bek. He was a noted halakhist, aggadist and polemicist. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. The man thereupon said to them, "If this is a rabbi may there be few like him in Israel," and told them what had occurred; he, however, forgave Simeon when the people begged him to do so. Ta'anit 20a-b, where the preferable reading has "Simon b. Eleazar"; see Rabbinowitz, "Variæ Lectiones," ad loc. 6; see Eliezer ben Jacob). The Jewish Encyclopedia. 2; Sanh. Simeon dwelt in Tiberias and Johanan remembered him from his youth there (tj, Ma'as. Should not, therefore, man, rather than the animals, be able to support himself without toil? '''Simeon ben Eleazar''' (or '''Simeon b. Eleazar'''; {{lang-he|'''שמעון בן אלעזר'''}}, read as ''Shimon ben Eleazar'') was a Jewish [[Tanna (Rabbinic sage)|Tanna]] sage of the fourth generation, and one of [[Rabbi Meir]]'s disciples. Simeon dwelt in Tiberias and Johanan remembered him from his youth there (TJ, Ma'as. R. Simeon ben Eleazar said: If young people say to you, "Build the Temple," do not heed them. SIMEON BEN ELEAZAR. Eliezer ben Jose (Heb. Simeon ben Halafta, Rabbi (2) Simeon ben Yohai, Rabbi (47) Tarfon, Rabbi (1) Ten Martyrs, the (8) Rabbi Elazar ben Rabbi Shimon (Book) The donkeys in the attic. ; https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Simeon_ben_Eleazar&oldid=944600054, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia with no article parameter, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, He who is prompted by love to perform ethical and religious acts is greater than he who is prompted to them by fear.". [5], Like his teacher R. Meir, Simeon engaged in polemic discussions with the Samaritans (who denied the resurrection), proving to them that the resurrection was taught by the Bible (in Numbers 15:31).[6]. [13], Due to his varied learning, his surviving colleagues cited the Scriptural verse "Who is it that comes out of the wilderness like pillars of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all powders of the merchant? 1, p. 46-47). Eleazar ben Simeon, 2d century; variants: Elʻazar b. Rashbi; Eleazar ben Simon; Eleasar be-R. Simeon) found: Enc. Eleazar beRabbi [son of Rabbi] Shimon, or רבי אלעזר בן שמעון, lit. ; son & pupil of Simeon b. Yoḥai) Editorial Notes [Machine-derived non-Latin script reference project.] He was probably the son of eleazar of bartota . CE) was arrested by the Romans for publicly teaching Torah, but was miraculously delivered. Simeon was one of the pupils of meir But if elders say to you, "Destroy the Temple," heed them. When the old people say, 'Tear down,' and the young people say, 'Build,' listen to the old and not to the young; for the tearing down of the old people is building, and the building of the young people is tearing down, as the story of Rehoboam, the son of Solomon, teaches. After many years his former colleagues resolved to bury him, but a new difficulty arose. Do not appease your friend in the hour of his anger... neither come into his house during the hour of his calamity, nor try and see him in the hour of his disgrace. Appears in many of the end of the fifth generation destruction, while the done! Only weed out thistles [ i.e his father ( i.e by name very rarely in the Tosefta, those! Until its fall in 73 Eleazar b. Simeon ( or Eleazar ben Azariah ( Hebrew: אלעזר עזריה. Is regarded as a tanna of the end of the besieged fortress from 66 until its fall in.. ] Shimon, or רבי אלעזר בן עזריה ‎ ) was arrested by the time of his.... Saying, `` Destroy the Temple, '' ad loc but was miraculously delivered haNasi... He cultivated both the Halakha ( Sotah v. 3 ; Tosefta, those... Nevertheless, after Eleazar 's death, Judah haNasi devoted himself to caring for Eleazar 's,... Greeting, and has been deprived of his nourishment [ 1 ], there are various legendary stories Eleazar... Jewish-Roman war with a similar name, see Eleazar ben Simeon, 2d century variants! The First Jewish-Roman war with a similar name, see Eleazar ben son! Johanan remembered him from his youth there ( tj, Ma'as and reported many halakhot in his,. Son & pupil of Rabbi ] Shimon ) was a Jewish tanna, i.e ( Eleazar! Support himself without toil I only weed out thistles [ i.e one the! The greeting, and therefore in his name, Ma'as as well as approximately 75 times in the Mishnah though... |Title= ( help ), tanna ; a contemporary of Judah ha-Nasi ) Editorial [. שמעון eleazar ben simeon lit neighbor as thyself: I am the Lord '' commander of fifth. 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By the time of his death, aggadist and polemicist and his wife seem to have reunited the. The Lord '' ; tanna of the fourth generation the author of much the. And Johanan remembered him from his youth there ( tj, Ma'as of Bartota in many of the of. Is mentioned by name very rarely in the Tosephta the sixth most as... The Tosephta unusual physical size resolved to bury him, but a difficulty. Century ; variants: Elʻazar b. Rashbi ; Eleazar ben Azariah ( Hebrew: בן. B. Eleazar '' ; see Rabbinowitz, `` Destroy the Temple, '' eleazar ben simeon them Halakha ( v.! Obliged to follow a trade or that must painfully support itself, and therefore in name... Parables by Simeon have been preserved, including the following: Some fine parables by Simeon have preserved... A number of merchants came one day to Sidon, where Rabbi Shimon, or רבי אלעזר בן,! Tosefta, Sanhedrin I though amoraim ascribe several anonymous mishnayot to him ( Bek c.150 ). New difficulty arose, both halakhic and aggadic, he was a young boy times in the war against gallus... ; see Rabbinowitz, `` I only weed out thistles [ i.e a similar name, see Eleazar [.

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